What is
Odgen Syndrome?

Rare Genetic Chromosomal Disorder

Back to Basics: Genetics 101

It’s been a long time since that high school Science class. Here’s a quick refresher!

Our bodies are made up of cells. Within each cell is a nucleus. Within each nucleus there are 23 pairs of chromosomes (you get one from mom and one from dad!). Each chromosome contains anywhere from hundreds to thousands of genes and these genes contain instructions for making proteins. The directions for making these proteins are spelled out by a sequence of 4 bases which are represented by the letters A,T,G,C. A’s pair with T’s and G’s pair with C’s. The entire Human Genome contains about 3 Billion of these base pairs. We all have multiple spelling errors on our genome and most of the time these errors are inconsequential but if the error occurs on a vital gene in a crucial spot the instructions to make proteins are messed up with devastating consequences

Science Corner

The 4 Nucleotide Bases

What does the NAA10 gene do?

Ogden Syndrome is caused by a single spelling error on the crucial NAA10 gene.
of proteins are acetylated by the NAA10- NAA15 protein complex known as NatA
0%

NAA10 is a protein coding gene essential for normal cell function. NAA10 encodes the enzyme known as N-Terminal- Acetyltransferase 10 which along with NAA15 makes up the NatA complex. The NatA complex catalyzes a very crucial process known as Acetylation within our cells. Acetylation is a chemical event that involves the attachment of an acetyl-CoA group to a protein. It is through this attachment mechanism
that the cell regulates protein stability, activity and localization.

Mutations to the NAA10 gene changes the structure of the protein which makes it less effective at N-Terminal acetylation than a non-mutated protein. This reduced activity that sometimes effects NAA10 stability is what causes the symptoms of Ogden Syndrome to manifest.

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What are the Odds?

Ogden Syndrome is Ultra Rare! So rare in fact the odds of diagnosis are 1/11 MILLION

X-Linked Disorders?

Since Ogden Syndrome is caused by a variant on the X Chromosome females who have 2 X chromosomes are generally less severely affected than males who only have 1

Symptoms of Ogden Syndrome

3 FAST FACTS

1

IN OUR CELLS…

The NAA10 protein is made and generally remains in the cytosol.

2

On Our Chromosome…

The NAA10 gene is located on the X chromosome at the position Xq28.

3

In Our DNA

The entire NAA10 gene is almost 6000 nucleotide bases long!

HELPFUL RESOURCES

Ogden C.A.R.E.S. – www.ogdencares.org

NAA10 Families Together Website – www.naa10gene.com

NAA10 Families Together Facebook – htttps://www.facebook.com/NAA10FamiliesTogether

NAA10 Families Together Private Support Group – https://www.facebook.com/groups/1119372051470633

Ogden Syndrome-NAA10 Family Support Group – https://www.facebook.com/groups/1607746136179261